Understanding Motivation and Emotion

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Motivation and Emotion are closely related. In fact, they are often intertwined. One of the most powerful factors that drive our actions and accomplishments is our emotional responses to events or people. Anger, fear, jealousy, satisfaction, sadness, happiness, guilt, shame, and other emotion-related reactions have been shown to drive various behaviors, including self-destructive behavior.

As an introductory course in social psychology, AP Psychology 101 provides extensive examples of how various stimuli can evoke strong emotions. Motivational theory is one of the most influential theories in modern psychology. It is the theory of motivation that helps explain why certain behaviors are more common in some contexts than in others. The key factor underlying motivational theory is the idea that humans are motivated to achieve a particular goal if they believe they can gain or succeed at doing so.

Motivation And Emotion Ap Psychology

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Motivation and Emotion also closely parallel each other as well. They share a belief in the importance of managing one’s emotions in order to function effectively as a competent individual. In fact, personality psychologists argue that trait aggression is primarily caused by low self-esteem and low confidence. People with high esteem and a strong sense of self-worth do not engage in threatening behavior, whereas those lacking these characteristics tend to demonstrate more hostile attitudes. This same principle is also true for low-level and defensive mechanisms.

The motivational theory has also been extended to include skill and knowledge sets. In fact, many personality theorists, including Carl Jung, concluded that there is a link between intelligence and motivation. The reasoning goes like this: Individuals who possess higher skill sets will be more motivated to work hard. Individuals who have high levels of knowledge, on the other hand, will be more motivated to learn new things and apply their acquired knowledge in creative ways.

Another popular application of personality theories to Apology and Sunday school is the notion of observational learning. Simply put, this means that students take in information during lectures and classes that are relevant to the lesson and then perform better on tests the next day. In essence, observations and personal knowledge are used as tools to assist individuals in mastering new concepts and enhancing their abilities. This chapter focuses on observational learning through the concept of self-evaluation.

A Much Ado 

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Students spend a large portion of their week memorizing facts and attending lectures. However, if that information is not used in classes or essays, it will not have an impact on test scores or college grades. As such, this chapter looks at why it is important to make sure that personal knowledge and observations are used to their fullest effect. Specifically, the authors examine how to incorporate personal knowledge into lectures and classroom discussions. Additionally, the authors give examples of three effective ways to make sure this occurs.

The final chapter of AP Psychology examines the ramifications of social cognitive theory. The authors begin by reviewing the research on social cognitive theory and then examine how it applies to motivation and emotion. Following a review of the research, they discuss three techniques that are particularly useful for integrating social cognitive theories with motivation and emotion. Additionally, the authors discuss common pitfalls related to this particular theory and offer recommendations for overcoming them.

Final Words 

These three chapters offer a helpful framework for understanding motivation and emotion. Specifically, they help to demystify the complex model of motivation and emotion that has been heavily marketed by various researchers over the last decade. Furthermore, they highlight three key ways that instructors can integrate this complex theory into their teaching today. Finally, they suggest three effective ways to make sure this theory is well absorbed and used in classrooms. Given all that is discussed in this book, those students who wish to learn about socio-emotional intelligence should consider this important chapter of AP Psychology: The Science of Personality.

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