It would be nice to claim that psychology is completely self-explanatory. After all, there are only four theories, right? Well, kind of. Actually, there are probably hundreds of theories out there, but most of them fall under four broad categories:
The first theory is called the contingency theory. This theory states that motivation is based on the self-contained and self-sustained effects of the situation. For instance, if a person loses his job and is not sure what he is going to do next, he will probably engage in behavior that is indicative of the loss of his job. If he is alone and does not have anyone to talk to, he might spend some time alone, contemplate what he has lost, and try to determine his next step by weighing the pros and cons of each option.
The second theory is called the universal theory. This theory says that people have the same mental states at different times. Thus, people who are shy and introverted during some situations will become more outgoing and confident during other situations.
The third theory is called the attitude-based theory. This theory states that people have attitudes and behavioral patterns that are directed toward their goals and prospects. Thus, if you know that some people like to work on their own, but like to work with people, you could tell them to change their attitude so they will look more interested in working with you. In the same way, you can tell people that they should try to work with you because you can provide them with a better future. These attitudes are internalized by the people and become part of their behavioral pattern.
Positive Reinforcement Theory
The fourth theory is known as the positive reinforcement theory. This theory suggests that people respond more to incentives than they do to negative reinforcement. In other words, if you are really motivated, then you will work harder. In fact, some people seem to be never tired at all even when they are pushed to the extreme of working extremely hard. If you are trying to motivate your employees, then this might be a good theory to consider.
The fifth theory is known as the cognitive deficit theory. This theory suggests that certain psychological deficits can lead to less motivation among people. If these deficits are identified, then people can be given training on how to improve their motivation or understanding of the problem itself. Usually, the treatment for this type of disorder is psychotherapy.
Emotional Learning Theory
Another theory is the emotional learning theory. This theory suggests that some people are not capable of changing their behavior simply because their brain does not operate according to the appropriate psychological pattern. The therapist teaches these people new ways of behaving. Often, this will help boost their self-esteem.
All these five psychology theories have been proven to be quite useful. However, you should remember that these theories are just theories and are not concrete facts. What may work for one person may not always work for another person. One’s motivation is unique to him/her.
Motivation is very important if you want to succeed in life.It is important to also identify your own personal behavior patterns. If you are an individual who wants to succeed, then you will need to learn how to change your own behavior. Sometimes, it is hard to motivate yourself when you have negative behavior. Try to think about what made you do something wrong. Make a commitment to change.
Many people are able to change their own behavior when they are motivated. For example, if a person is trying to lose weight, they need to start putting more effort into their exercise habits. They also have to take the necessary steps towards dieting and eating healthier foods. This will help them lose weight.
Another great theory of motivation is that people have a natural drive to succeed. Sometimes, this can be hard to motivate people. This drive could come from something that happened in the past. It could be a failed relationship or an injury sustained while playing sports.
People have this natural desire to achieve something which will increase their sense of satisfaction and accomplishment. This theory has many common elements with other theories of motivation.