All You Need to Know About Motivation Theory Of Psychology

motivation theory psychology

The genetic mutation is capable of altering an organism’s behavior traits as well as its physical trait is the basic idea of evolutionary psychology. The organism helps to reproduce by these mutations in behavioral traits like a physical trait which will help the mutations to be passed on to the next generation. Behavior maximizes their genetic fitness and individuals are motivated to engage. To improve reproductive success all animals including humans need to act in ways that will improve their reproductive cycle which will result in a process that will maximize a person’s genetic fitness or capabilities to pass their genes from one generation to another. Those who are the most likely fit to survive is the evolutionary theory which means survival of the fittest. 

Evolutionary Perspective On Motivation

A close up of many different types of fruit

Behavior traits are not made consciously according to evolutionary point of view as they are instinctual. This makes it very advantageous in terms of passing genes from one generation to another. The contributor to early research into motivation is William James who is referred to as the father of psychology in the United States. Several Survival Instinct is the major factor behind the theory of behavior. A species-specific pattern of behavior that cannot be learned is an Instinct according to a biological perspective. There was a huge debate between James and his contemporaries on the exact definition of instincts as James used to propose that there are several dozen of special human Instinct but his contemporaries always defend him by creating a different list.

Optimization Theory

Evolutionary theories are related to Optimisation theory which is concerned with evaluating the success of behavior; the behavioral strategies which give the highest return under a given number of conditions are using a cost-benefit analysis. Research is used to attempt to identify a person’s behavior.

Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs

A woman jumping up in the air

Motivation is a process for satisfying certain needs which will require long-term survival and development is the definition given by Maslow’s hierarchy for motivation. There are certain means which are very important for all human beings and if they are absent nothing else will matter. When we satisfy these basic needs they do not serve as a motivator and will begin to satisfy higher-order needs. The pyramid is used Maslow to divide human needs in this pyramid; the higher need is only for issues when the lower needs are met.

Motivation And Need

The process of satisfying several needs that require long-term development is the definition given by Maslow for motivation. It is a very long-lasting condition that will require relief for satisfaction and will force action over the long term. Awesome needs may decrease when they are met while many other needs cannot be met.


The needs and wants which direct towards a goal is a description of motivation. When a person is trying hard to accomplish a certain task then we can refer to someone as motivated. If a person needs to perform well in a certain field she needs to be motivated very well. The person will require both the cognitive approach and the achievement of such motivation through the various characteristics which influence the motivation.

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